Applied game theory

What will they choose?

Two contestants play a prisoner’s dilemma game in “Friend or Foe?” where $5000 is at stake.
[Video] [Info]

Exercise: Watch the video and try to guess if Kevin and Ben will cooperate or not.

Note that there are some papers on game theory that use game shows as experiment data.


Serious roleplay

They forgot they were role-playing
Stanford Prison Experiment 1971 [Video] [Info] [Presentation by the researcher]
(Re-enacted in 2003 [Video] [Info])
“I began to feel that I was losing my identity, that the person that I called “Clay,” the person who put me in this place, the person who volunteered to go into this prison — because it was a prison to me; it still is a prison to me. I don’t regard it as an experiment or a simulation because it was a prison run by psychologists instead of run by the state. I began to feel that that identity, the person that I was that had decided to go to prison was distant from me — was remote until finally I wasn’t that, I was 416. I was really my number.”

Milgram Obedience Experiment 1963 [Info]
(Re-enacted in 2006 [Video] [Info])

Power of the situation
A documentary on similar experiments. Very informative. [Video]

Tragedy of the private

Immobile mobility

There is a certain state in which we become so close that we can no longer relate to each other. We gradually reduce the physical distance d between us to a point where d=0 and there is no potential social energy, i.e. the self-reliance is less than a threshold, and social distance is maximum. Our perceived weakness is amplified, as our conscious self-sacrifice is represented and erased by the man shouting “boşlukları dolduralım”. To put it in “social dilemma” terms: Each of the persons in the bus agrees to silently sacrifice a small amount of her private freedom for a significant good for the newcomer. In the end, so much is sacrificed and we have an increasingly deficient stability. Therefore it is not the “tragedy of the commons“, but the tragedy of the private. The frog dies in boiling water.

Turkish translation

The Where

As the mobile communication devices (read it “cellular phones”) combine GPS technologies with social networking applications, the location information can be incorporated into shared content. For example, your status entries or blog posts can correspond to a position on the map, or even a trail (a longer one if you are on a vehicle). There can be different comments made about a building or scenery by looking it from one side and from other sides.

Geotagging is the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as photographs, video, websites, or RSS feeds and is a form of geospatial metadata. These data usually consist of latitude and longitude coordinates, though they can also include altitude, bearing, accuracy data, and place names.”

Another application of this technology is an ARG (Alternate Reality Game), in which the mobile devices use the actual coordinates of the player to determine her position on a fictitious universe. Thus, the device acts as a window to the parallel gaming universe. It’s like a treasure hunt except that you are not searching for a concrete object, but expecting your device to “catch” something on the radar. If interested, look at posts on ARG network about GPS technology.